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Statistics You Should Be Aware Of

Over 3 million children are victims of abuse and they are ONLY the ones that are reported
It is estimated that 3 times the number of child abuse reports are actual child abuse victims
Over 98,000 of those 3 million plus victims are treated just for sexual abuse




Children who have witnesses abuse or been abused themselves are six times more likely to abuse a spouse or child when they become adults.
97% of individuals institutionalized for violent crimes were themselves abused as children.
One in five children will be sexually abused by the age of 18.
Child abuse kills more than 3 children in America everyday
In 1996-97, 10 percent of all public schools reported at least one serious violent crime to police or law enforcement (Bureau of Justice Statistics and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice).
Gunshot wounds to children ages 16 and under have increased 300 percent in major urban areas since 1986.
According to FBI reports, 2,900 juveniles were arrested for murder in 1996.
Estimates indicate that as many as 5,000 children die each year as a result of mistreatment and abuse from parents or guardians.
Everyday in America 16 children and youths are killed by firearms (Children's Defense Fund, 1998).
Nearly a million U.S. students took guns to school during 1998 (Parents Resource Institute for Drug Education).
Each year 123,400 children are arrested for violent crimes in the U.S. (Office of Juvenile Justice and Juvenile Delinquency Prevention, 1997).

The FBI estimates 2300 children are reported missing everyday.

According to the National Institute of Justice Research:

• Victims of child abuse are more likely to engage in criminality later in life
• Over two-thirds (68%) of youths arrested have a prior history of abuse and neglect
• Childhood abuse increases the odds of future delinquency and adult criminality   by 40%
• Abused and neglected youths are more likely to be arrested one year earlier, to   commit twice as many offenses and to be arrested more frequently than youths who   were not abused or neglected

Earlier childhood sexual and physical abuse have been found to increase the risk of arrest as a juvenile for being a runaway 1999 National Clearinghouse On Child Abuse and Neglect (NCANDS) collected the following data:

Referrals and Reports

As referrals of possible child abuse and maltreatment come to the attention of child protective ervices(CPS), they either are screened from consideration or considered for further investigation or assessment --"screened out" or "screened in." For those reports screened in, a further determination is made about whether to investigate. The role of the CPS agency includes deciding whether to take further protective actions on behalf of a child.

Of the estimated 2,974,000 referrals received, approximately three-fifths (60.4%) were transferred for investigation or assessment and two-fifths (39.6%) were screened out.
More than half of child abuse and neglect reports (54.7%) were received from professionals. The remaining 45.3 percent of reports were submitted by nonprofessionals, including family and community members.
Most States have established time standards for initiating the investigation of reports. The average response time to initiate investigating reports was 63.8 hours.
Slightly less than one-third of investigations (29.2 %) resulted in a disposition of either substantiated or indicated child maltreatment. More than half (54.7%) resulted in a finding that child maltreatment was not substantiated.
The average annual workload of CPS investigation and assessment workers was 72 investigations. Child Maltreatment Victims of abuse and maltreatment are defined as children who are found to have experienced a substantiated or indicated abuse or maltreatment, or are found to be at risk of experiencing maltreatment.
There were an estimated 826,000 victims of maltreatment nationwide. The 1999 rate of victimization, 11.8 per 1,000 children, decreased from the 1998 rate of 12.6.
Almost three-fifths of all victims (58.4 %) suffered neglect, while one-fifth (21.3%) suffered physical abuse; 11.3 percent were sexually abused. More than one-third (35.9%) of all victims were reported to be victims of other or additional types of maltreatment.
The highest victimization rates were for the 0-3 age group (13.9 maltreatments per 1,000 children of this age in the population), and rates declined as age increased.
Rates of many types of maltreatment were similar for male and female children, but the sexual abuse rate for female children (1.6 female children for every 1,000 female children in the population) was higher than the sexual abuse rate for male children (0.4 male children per 1,000).
Victimization rates by race/ethnicity ranged from a low of 4.4 Asian/Pacific Islander victims per 1,000 children of the same race in the population to 25.2 African-American victims per 1,000.
Children who had been victimized prior to 1999 were almost three times more likely to experience recurrence during the 6 months following their first victimization in 1999 than children without a prior history of victimization.

Perpetrators

A perpetrator of child abuse and/or neglect is a person who has abused or maltreated a child while in a caretaking relationship to that child.

Three-fifths (61.8%) of perpetrators were female. Female perpetrators were typically younger than their male counterparts -41.5 percent were younger than 30 years of age, compared to 31.2 percent of male perpetrators.
Almost nine-tenths (87.3%) of all victims were maltreated by at least one parent. The most common pattern of maltreatment was a child victimized by a female parent  acting alone (44.7%).
Female parents were identified as the perpetrators of neglect and physical abuse for the highest percentage of child victims. In contrast, male parents were identified as the perpetrators of sexual abuse for the highest percentage of victims.

Fatalities

Child fatality estimates are based on data recorded by CPS agencies and/or other agencies.

An estimated 1,100 children died of abuse and neglect, a rate of approximately 1.62  deaths per 100,000 children in the general population.
Slightly more than 2 percent (2.1%) of all fatalities occurred while the victim was in  foster care.
Children younger than a year old accounted for 42.6 percent of the fatalities, and  86.1 percent were younger than 6 years of age.
Maltreatment deaths were more often associated with neglect (38.2%) than with any other type of abuse.
Slightly more than one-tenth (12.5%) of the families of child fatalities had received family reservation services in the 5 years prior to the deaths, while only 2.7 percent of the child fatality victims had been returned to the care of their families prior to their deaths.

Services

CPS agencies provide services to prevent future instances of child abuse and neglect and to remedy harm that has occurred as a result of child abuse and maltreatment. Preventive services are provided to parents whose children are at risk of abuse or neglect. Remedial or post-investigative services are offered to families that have experienced a child maltreatment episode.

Nationwide, an estimated 1,563,000 children, 22.3 out of every 1,000 children in the population, received preventive services.
The average time from the start of investigation to provision of service was 47.4 days.
Nationally, 55.8 percent of child victims (an estimated 461,000) received post-investigative services, and an additional 14.2 percent of children with ubunsubstantiated reports (an estimated 217,000) also received services.
Nationally, an estimated 171,000 child victims were placed in foster care. An estimated additional 49,000 children who were not victims (i.e., children with unsubstantiated reports) were placed in foster care.
About one-fifth (21.2%) of victims had received family preservation services within the previous 5 years, while more than 5 percent (5.1%) of victims had been reunited with their families in the previous 5 years.
Court actions were initiated for an estimated 26.1 percent of abuse and maltreatment victims. Four-fifths of these victims (79.3%) were provided with court-appointed representatives.


Information Resources

The
National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information and
the National Adoption Information Clearinghouse, office ofChildren's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services . http://www.acf.hhs.gov/index.html

Office of Justice Programs
, U.S. Department of Justice 
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/


Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, US Department of Justice

http://ojjdp.ncjrs.org/


American Prosecutors Research Institute (APRI)
http://www.ndaa-apri.org/apri/

Health and Human Services Statistics

www.hhs.gov/news


Center for Victims of Violent Crime
www.cvvc.org



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